NOTE: This document was edited for publishing on the web and may not contain the same photos and other exhibits that were a part of the hardcopy version of the book. Because different browsers handle graphics differently, some images may not be synchronized correctly with the text. For example, the text may refer to a photo on the left but the photo may actually appear on the right. Although this is a slight nuisance, it is usually easy to tell from the context to which image the text refers.




     In January 2008, I completed The Ancestry of Calvin Hawk. Since then, I have found enough new material to warrant an updated version. This edition contains more information on the Hawks and explores the Fullmer, Householder, and Tarwater families. It also contains more exhibits including obituaries, wills, and newspaper articles.



Alan T. “Al” Burr


May, 2008



The Ancestry of Calvin Hawk

A Family History & Scrapbook

By Al Burr

May 2008 Edition


      Calvin, or “Papa Hawk” as we knew him, was my great grandfather. I never knew him very well because he lived in Kentucky in a little community known as Beans Fork and my family lived in Alabama. Occasionally, we would visit him and other kinfolk in the area during the summer but I was pretty young during most of the visits. Perhaps, the thing that I remember most about him was that he spoke with a definite accent that made it difficult for me to understand him.    

     According to oral history accounts from my mother, Mary Lynch Burr (Calvin’s granddaughter) Calvin was from Ohio and was at least partially of German descent. In the 1920 and 1930 census reports, Calvin and his parents were listed as having been born in Ohio. However, in the 1910 census report they were all listed as having been born in Pennsylvania.

     Although they were neighbors for many years of her early life, Mother does not remember Calvin talking about any of his family or does not remember any of them coming to visit with him. His obituary states that “Mr. Hawk was born on January 5, 1875, in Massillon, Ohio, the son of the late Louis P. Hawk and Mary Fullmer Hawk. He moved from Ohio at the age of 30 and was united in marriage to Miss Paralee Tarwater in December 1907. He had lived in Middlesboro since then and was a retired coal miner”.

     Using the information from Calvin’s obituary, I attempted to trace his ancestry backward through the census reports. Initially, I was astounded at the number of Hawk families in the United States during the mid 1800’s. Fortunately, I was eventually able to isolate and focus on a family who appears to be Calvin’s ancestors. I am not stating with certainty that all of my conclusions are doubtless, but unless otherwise indicated, they are supported by historical documents to the extent possible.

     There are some oral history accounts from other members of the Hawk family that Calvin’s ancestors first settled in Pennsylvania and then later moved to the Massillon area in Stark County, Ohio. Exactly who the first ancestors were and when they arrived has not been established. There is considerable evidence that Calvin’s great grandfather, Philip M. Hawk Sr., came to the United States from Bavaria in 1832. Philip, along with his wife and four sons, sailed to New York and traveled from there to Stark County, Ohio. Later sections of this book, especially the section titled “Jacob Hawk” establish this pretty well. A property deed establishes the presence of Philip M. Sr. in Stark County in 1836 so it does not appear that he could have lived elsewhere for many years.

      It is entirely possible that other ancestors made the voyage earlier and perhaps some of them settled first in Pennsylvania.  Stark County is in the northeast part of Ohio and is only about 50 miles from the border with Pennsylvania. According to several histories that I have read, Stark County was settled primarily by Germans who came there directly and by second generation Germans who were born in Pennsylvania. 

     Although deeds and other records showed some Hawk families living in Stark County as early as 1829, it is difficult to prove whether or not they were Calvin’s ancestors.  In a later section titled “The Mystery Hawks”, some of them are explored. In my opinion, the probability is high that some other related Hawk families came to the United States earlier and prompted Calvin’s ancestors to bring their families as well.

     In June of 1841, a deed was executed by Philip M. Hawk Sr. in Stark County, Ohio. The contents of the deed contained a wealth of genealogical information. I was able to obtain a copy of the original deed from the Recorder’s Office in Stark County and my transcription of it follows:


Article of an agreement made and entered into this eight day of June in the year eighteen hundred & forty one by and between Philip M. Hawk Sr. of the county of Stark & State of Ohio of the first part and Phillip Hawk Jr. of the county and State aforesaid of the other part. Witnesseth, that the said Phillip M. Hawk Sr. of the second part [should be first part] for the consideration hereinafter mentioned doth for himself his heirs and administrators covenant and agree to and with the said Phillip Hawk Jr. his heirs & assigns by these presents that he the said Phillip M. Hawk Sr. had on the third day of December in the year Eighteen hundred & thirty six conveyed unto the said Phillip Hawk Jr. in fee simple all of a tract of land situated in Stark County & State of Ohio and being the north east quarter of section number three in Township number eleven of Range Number ten containing one hundred and sixty acres be the same more or less.

Also all the stock and farming utensils with household and kitchen furniture including all my possessions now belonging to said farm, in consideration whereof the said Phillip Hawk Jr. for himself, his heirs, executors and administrators doth covenant promise and agree to and with the said Philip M. Hawk Sr. that on the delivery of the aforesaid deed will and truly pay or cause to be paid unto Peter Hawk son of the said Phillip Sr. his heirs and assigns the sum of eleven hundred and fifty dollars in hand at the delivery of the above deed and also the said Phillip Hawk Jr. agrees to pay unto Jacob Hawk son of Phillip M. Hawk Sr. twelve hundred dollars when the said Jacob Hawk becomes to the age of twenty one years of age, And the said Phillip Hawk Jr. agrees to keep the Christian Hawk an insane son of Phillip M. Hawk Sr. so long as he the said Christian Hawk shall live and find all the wering appearl ??[illegible] washing & mending & medisin so long as he the said Christian Hawk shall live and the said Christian Hawk shall live with the said Phillip Hawk Jr. on the above mentioned premises and work for the said Phillip Hawk Jr. on said premises so long as he lives in his natural life time if abel [able] and the said Phillip Hawk Jr. shall keep his father Phillip M. Hawk Sr. & his mother Elizabeth Hawk wife of the said Phillip M. Hawk Sr. on the above mentioned premises, so long as they shall live in medicine, loging [lodging] , wearing apparel, washing  &  mending so long as they both shall live, and give unto them the one third part of all what is raised on said premises and the one third of all the stock that will be raised on said premises and chop all the fire wood for them delivered to the house and candels [candles] sufficient for the years of said Phillip & Elizabeth Hawk so long as they both live in their natural lifetime and, should the said Phillip Hawk Jr. die before the said Christian Hawk then the said Phillip Hawk his heirs and assigns shall pay unto Jacob Hawk for the years of Christian Hawk for his maintenance one hundred dollars per year so long as the said Christian Hawk lives, and the said Jacob Hawk shall keep the said Christian Hawk & shall find medisin & washing & mending & also as long as he the said Christian Hawk shall live out of the same money and after the said Phillip M. Hawk Sr. and Elizabeth Hawk die then all the property & money in their hands shall belong to the said Phillip Hawk Jr. & the said Jacob Hawk shall only have privilege of keeping the said Christian Hawk & [rate ?] any money not until the heirs of Phillip Hawk Jr. shall refuse keeping him the said Christian Hawk & then he shall have privilege of the same. Given under our hands & seals the day & year above mentioned.

[A note in the margin of the document] Received June the 27th A.D. 1846 the full sum of my Estate once within Article which is twelve hundred dollars in full and of all demands – Jacob Hawk


     The 1850 census of Ohio (Sugar Creek, Stark County) listed a family headed by Philip Hawk (Jr.). His wife was listed as Cath (Catherine Suplhen according to later sources) and his children were Lewis, Jac (Jacob), Elisabeth and Caroline. The son named Lewis was born on December 18, 1841, according to later evidence (his death certificate). In 1875, he became Calvin’s father. Philip M. Hawk (age 76) also lived in the household. Philip M. was born in Germany according to the census, and the deed mentioned earlier and other evidence shows that he was the father of Philip. Curiously, their next door neighbor was Elisabeth Hawk who was age 66. An 18 year old woman named Lavina Spoonhour lived with her. Elisabeth was also born in Germany. I was not able to determine the relationship between the Hawks and Spoonhours but apparently there was some connection. Another Spoonhour family also lived nearby. Although it seemed strange that she did not live in the same household with Philip and Philip M., there is convincing evidence that she was the wife of Philip M.

      The 1841 deed mentioned earlier indicated that Philip had a brother named Jacob. On June 22, 1874, Jacob applied for a passport and his application stated that his father’s name was Philip M. Hawk of Stark County, Ohio. My transcription of his application follows:


                                                                   June 22 / 74

          The State of Ohio Stark County

Jacob Hawk being duly sworn says that he was 48 years of age on the 27th day of June AD 1873, that he was born in Bavaria and immigrated to the United States in the year 1832. where he has remained and resided ever since, that he came to this country with his father Philip M. Hawk who was naturalized in the Court of Common Pleas of said county at its November term 1843, a certificate of which naturalization is hereto attached; that his said father Philip M. Hawk is the identical person named in said certificate and that affiant is one of his children and was a minor at the date of said certificate.

Affiant Jacob Hawk’s age is nearly 49 years. Stature 5 feet 8 inches & 7/8 of one inch – Forehead prominent and rather high and broad. Eyes dark grey – Nose prominent, Mouth medium – chin rather short – Hair sandy and partially bald, Complexion sandy – Face – features prominent –

This affidavit is made for the purpose of obtaining a passport as affiant is about to visit Europe –

                                                                                      Jacob Hawk


     The birth date of Jacob (June 27th) was a key piece of evidence to prove that he was the son of the same Philip M. Hawk who executed the 1841 deed mentioned earlier. If you refer back to the last lines of the transcription of that document you will notice that a note was penciled in the margin. The note read “ Received June the 27th A.D. 1846 the full sum of my Estate once within Article which is twelve hundred dollars in full and of all demands – Jacob Hawk” Keep in mind that the terms of the deed required payment to Jacob once he reached age 21. According to his passport application, Jacob was 48 on his last birthday in 1873, so he was born in 1825. On June 27, 1846, he would have turned 21. A biographical sketch of Jacob is presented in a later section.

     Records from the Court of Common Pleas, now in the custody of the Stark County District Library verify that Philip Hawk (spelled Haak in the court documents) became a citizen on Thursday, November 23, 1843. On the same petition, Isaac Kidiot, Henry Cross, Jacob Cross, John Grass, Nicholas Nix, Augustus Bierdeman, and Joseph Heeking also applied for citizenship. The document read:


Be it remembered that Isaac Kidiot, an alien and subject of the Queen of Great Britain & Ireland, Henry Cross, Jacob Cross and John Grass alien and subjects of the King of Wurtemburg, Nicholas Nix an alien and subject of the King of Prussia, Philip Haak an alien and subject of the King of Bavaria, Augustus B. Bierdeman an alien and subject of the King of Hanover, Joseph Heeking an alien and subject of the King of France came and in open court make application to be naturalized under the laws of the United States and it appearing to the court that the said applicant made the declaration of intention to become citizens of the United States according to law – at least two years before this application, that they have been residents of the United States for five years last past one year of which within this state, that during that time they have behaved as men of good moral character, attached to the principles of the Constitution of the United States and well disposed to the good order and happiness of the same. It is therefore ordered by this court that the oath of allegiance be administered to the applicants in due form of law - Whereupon the said Isaac Kidiot, Henry Cross, Jacob Cross, John Grass, Nicholas Nix, Philip Haak, Augustus B. Bierdeman, and Joseph Heeking made oath in open court that they would support the Constitution of the United States and that they absolutely and entirely renounced and abjured all allegiance and fidelity to every foreign prince, potentate state sovereignty and particularly to the several governments to which they respectively were formerly subjects. Therefore the so applicants to whom the oath of allegiance was aforesaid administered are hereby declared citizens of the United States and entitled to enjoy all the privileged & immunities as such.


  In 1860, Philip Jr. and his family still lived in Stark County, Ohio. The census simply listed him as P Hawk, but it is evident from the names of his children that it was indeed Philip. His wife was named Catherine and his children were Lewis, Jacob, Mary (more about her later), Caroline and William. Since William was only 1 year old in 1860, he would not have appeared on the 1850 census. The ages of the other children were approximately 10 years older than they were on the 1850 census. Also living in the household was a 76 year old woman named Mary who was born in Germany. Philip M. Sr. was not listed in the household. According to sources listed later, Philip M. Sr. died in 1855. At first I was puzzled about why their daughter Mary did not appear in the 1850 census since she was 14 in 1860 and therefore should have been 4 in 1850. After looking back on the 1850 census, I noticed that their daughter Elisabeth was 4 years old in 1850 and did not appear on the 1860 census. My conclusion was that the daughter was actually named Mary Elisabeth. A later census listed her name as Mary E. which confirmed my suspicion.

     The discovery of using the alternating names leads me to believe that the 76 year old woman named Mary in 1860 was the 66 year old woman named Elisabeth who lived next door in 1850. Considerable evidence indicates that she was Philip’s mother and that her name was Mary Elisabeth as well. The fact that Philip named his daughter Mary Elisabeth does not seem to be a coincidence.

     From all of the evidence, there is little or no doubt that Philip M. Sr. was Calvin’s great grandfather and Mary Elisabeth was his great grandmother. Based on their ages listed on the 1850 census, Philip M. Sr. was born in Germany in 1774 and Mary Elisabeth was born in Germany in 1784. In a later census (1870, shown above), their son Philip listed his birthplace more specifically as being in Bavaria (Germany). Mary Elizabeth did not appear in the 1870 census. Information is presented in the later section titled “Jacob Hawk” that she died in 1862.

     The 1870 census showed Lewis P. (Lewis Philip according to other sources) living in his own household with his wife Mary and children Sarah, William, Clara and Caroline. As with many names, there were different spellings of the name Lewis. There did not seem to be a clear consensus as to whether it was Lewis or Louis. Occasionally, even in the same document the spellings were mixed.

      Noteworthy is that Lewis also had a sister named Caroline and a brother named William. Apparently, this family was keen on naming children after other relatives. An index to records in the Probate Court of Stark County indicates that Lewis and Mary (Mary Ann according to later documents) applied for a marriage license on December 24, 1863.

     Since I knew the maiden name of Calvin’s mother to be Fullmer (also Fulmer), I attempted to find some information on her. The census report of 1860 listed a Mary Fullmer of the correct age living in the same county. It is interesting to note that there are several names in the Peter Fullmer household that are repeated in the Lewis and Mary Hawk family, most noticeably Sarah and Franklin. As noted from the census, Mary’s father was Peter Fullmer from Bavaria and her mother was Sarah from France. Mary Hawk’s (Calvin’s mother) first daughter was named Sarah.

     In December of 1880, a deed was executed by Sarah Fullmer and others to sell some property. The information in the deed leaves little doubt that Peter and Sarah were Mary’s parents. Sarah is mentioned as being the widow of Peter Fullmer and the other sellers include Henry, Franklin, William, Edward, Mary Hawk and husband Lewis P. Hawk. A later section titled “The Fullmer Family” has more information about their history.  

     Unfortunately, the 1880 census page that listed Lewis P. (spelled Louis on that census) was very light and difficult to read. With a little computer enhancement, you can read it well enough to see most of the information. His wife’s name was Mary and the children’s names were Sarah, William H., Clara L., Caroline M., Philip, Arnold, Calvin, Franklin, and Elizabeth.   

     Philip and Catherine, the parents of Louis P., were listed on another page of the 1880 census. Their son William (age 21) was living with them at the time. Philip was 70 and Catherine was 60 when the census was taken. I don’t know exactly how much longer Philip lived, but he apparently died sometime between 1881 and 1887. An 1881 deed confirmed that he was alive that year. Philip and Catherine’s daughter Caroline married Henry P. Richards and lived in Missouri in the late 1880’s according to an 1887 deed. In that document, Caroline stated that she was “one of the children and heirs at law of Philip Hawk, deceased”. The other party to the deed was William Hawk.

     An obituary that ran in the Massillon Independent on February 15, 1906, appeared to be that of Catherine. If correct, she apparently re-married late in life. The information in the obituary is somewhat ambiguous in that it stated that she died at the home of her son William Graber but later stated that she made her home with her son William Hawk. At first, I questioned whether the Catherine listed in the obituary was the wife (former wife) of Philip. However, there are so many facts that match that there is little or no doubt of her identity. Her age is correct and the names of her sons William and Lewis are correct. She also had a daughter named Caroline Richards who lived in St. Joe, Missouri. The census of 1900 (above) confirmed that Catherine Graber lived with her son William Hawk. My guess is that the reference to William Graber was a typographical error. I am a little puzzled about the reference to Matilda Fairbanks in the obituary since none of the earlier census reports listed a daughter named Matilda.

    There were several Grabers who lived in close proximity to William Hawk. As noted in the excerpt of the 1897 map of Perry Township, William Hawk’s property (Section 35 at the bottom right corner) was southeast of Richville, just as stated in the obituary. The property in Section 23 (upper right corner) was owned by Peter Graber. Christian Graber owned most of Section 33 (bottom left corner). Although it is speculation on my part, it would seem likely that Catherine married someone associated with one of those Grabers.

     In a later section about the Fullmer family, you will learn that Peter and Sarah Fullmer had a daughter named Rachael who married Samuel Neff. If you look near the top of Section 26 on the map (middle right) you will see his property. His named is abbreviated as Sam’l on the map. Rachael was a sister of Mary Fullmer Hawk, Calvin’s mother.

     Louis and Mary were apparently divorced in the late 1890’s. A story that ran in the Massillon Independent on December 8, 1898, indicated that Mary Hawk had filed for divorce from Louis P. Hawk. The article appears in the exhibits at the end of this writing but in general it was unflattering to Louis.

     On January 23, 1899, Louis P. Hawk deeded some land to “Mary Hawk, previously the wife of Louis P. Hawk”. On the same day, Mary Hawk deeded some land to “Louis P. Hawk, formerly the husband of Mary Hawk”. Both deeds listed the consideration as one dollar so it apparently was some procedural move to divide assets or clear the land title. The 1900 census listed Louis (Lewis) as head of household without any females in the house. His son Grover who was born in 1887 or 1888 lived with him. According to a draft registration form, Grover was named Grover Cleveland Hawk.

     There were numerous land sales between the Hawk families through the years. Judging from the dollar amounts involved, it would appear that Lewis P. must have acquired considerable assets over his lifetime. In January of 1876, he purchased land from his father Philip for $8000. That would equate to a considerable sum in terms of today’s dollars. According to the description in the deed, it was the same 160 acres of land deeded to Philip by his father, Philip M. many years before. Specifically, it was the North East quarter of Section number 3, Township 11, Range 10 of Stark County.

       In the early years, the Hawk families relied mostly on farming for their livelihood but in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s they also got into the coal business. There are numerous Hawk lease agreements on file at the Stark County recorders office involving coal mining operations. Calvin’s name appears in several of the leases.

      I have heard rumors that Calvin had a previous wife in Ohio who was committed to an insane asylum during their marriage, but I was skeptical at first of those stories. However, the more research that I did, the more the story was reinforced. In an earlier edition of this book, I treaded this ground lightly because of the possibility that a strange number of coincidences might be at work. However, other family members have corroborated the story and I am now treating it as fact rather than theory.

     The first marriage of Calvin Hawk was published in the Massillon Independent on March 14, 1895. As indicated by the newspaper article, Calvin married Vasti Budd, the daughter of John Budd. The article is somewhat sketchy on details and I assume that “quietly married” means with little ceremony. Since the article did not mention where they were married, it is difficult to obtain a copy of the marriage license. The Stark County District Library was unable to locate such a license which probably means that they were married in another county or state. Another short article ran in the newspaper on the same day that told of a party or something similar that was held for Calvin and Vasti.

      Information that was passed down to Faye Lynch (the wife of Daniel Noble Lynch – a grandson of Calvin) indicated that Vasti’s name was Sylvasti. Another family source believes it to be Sylvesta. To date, I have found no record of either of those names in public documents. On February 21, 1900, Calvin and Vasti sold some property to John Beal for $ 500. The deed listed her name as Vasti L. Hawk. 

         In 1900, the census listed the family headed by Calvin Hawk living in Stark County.  There is little doubt that this is the correct Calvin. The birth month and occupation as a coal miner are good clues. As noted by the census excerpt, Calvin and Vasti had two daughters at the time, Lucy and Lizzie. Later documents showed Lizzie’s name to be Elizabeth.

     On April 1, 1905, Louis P. sold some land to Jacob Weidman for $ 6000. According to the legal description in the deed, the land was part of the farm that originally belonged to Philip M. Sr. in the 1830’s.

     Records from the Stark County Probate Court indicate that Vasti Hawk was committed in May of 1906. The 1910 census listed a Vasti Hawk, age 35, as an inmate at the Massillon State Hospital which was a facility for the insane. Vasti was also listed in the 1920 and 1930 census reports as a patient at the Massillon State Hospital. According to information in the 1930 census, she was age 21 when she was first married which means that she got married around 1895. The Massillon State Hospital is pictured above.

     The census report for 1910 (above) showed Calvin living in Kentucky with his wife “Nannie” (Nancy Paralee) and his one year old daughter Ada. Calvin, according to stories passed down to my mother, had corresponded with  Nancy Paralee Tarwater of Sevier County, Tennessee and had met her in person only once before they were married. Calvin’s obituary stated that he was married in December of 1907. The 1910 census also showed that he had been married for 3 years. A later section tells more about Nancy Paralee’s ancestry.

          In 1910, Lewis P. lived with his son Ernest on Pigeon Run Road in Tuscarawas Township in Stark County, according to the census report of that year. Ten years later, he still lived at the same location with Ernest. Mary appeared to be living in Massillon (Perry Township) in 1910. There were a number of Mary Hawk’s in Stark County in 1910 but this particular person indicated her marital status as divorced and indicated that she had 11 living children so the odds are high that she was the correct Mary. A five year old granddaughter named Mamie lived with her. In 1920, she was in the same location and had a son named Grover and a granddaughter named Mary living with her. The granddaughter was 15 years old which makes it appear that she was probably the same person listed as Mamie in the 1910 census.

      When I first looked at the 1920 census for Middlesboro (Bell County), Kentucky, (below) I noticed an obvious mistake that perplexed me for quite a while. Calvin was listed correctly and his children’s names (to the best of my knowledge) looked correct. However, his wife was listed as Elizabeth, age 39 and was reported to have been born in Ohio. Mistakes are common on census reports, but to list the wrong name, age, and
birthplace is a little unusual. I am still not entirely certain what happened, but I have wondered if Calvin’s sister or other family member was visiting at the time of the census and was mistaken for his wife, Nancy Paralee.

      Calvin’s father, Louis Philip Hawk, died on January 1, 1928. He did not leave a will but his estate was probated and distributed, with his son Philip acting as the administrator. Some of the documents appear in the exhibits. Ironically, after seemingly having considerable assets during his lifetime, the estate of Louis was valued at only       $ 574 and included no real estate. Interestingly, Calvin’s name was not listed in the next of kin. The page which listed the distribution of the estate listed Calvin’s name but it was lined through. This page is included in the exhibits.

      Calvin’s mother, Mary Ann Hawk, died of a cerebral hemorrhage on August 10, 1929. Mary left a very interesting will, several pages of which appear in the exhibits at the end of this document. Perhaps the most intriguing part read:


I give, devise and bequeath to my children, William Hawk, Philip Hawk, Ernest Hawk, Frank Hawk, Grover Hawk, Minnie Rodocker, and Elizabeth Morrison, to each the one eight part, and to the 3 daughters of my deceased son, Calvin Hawk, his one eight share divided equally, of the proceeds of the sale of my homestead…


     This leaves little (no) doubt of Calvin’s previous marriage. If you refer back to the excerpt of the 1900 census, you will notice that Calvin and Vasti had two daughters, Lucy and Lizzie. Mary’s will listed granddaughters named Lucy, Elizabeth (Lizzie ?), and Mary Hawk Link, who apparently was the same Mary listed in the 1920 census as living with her.

     Probate Court records indicate that William Link and Mary D. Hawk applied for a marriage license on December 23, 1922. Since Lucy and Elizabeth still had the last name of Hawk, I assume that they had not married. This seems a little unusual for that era since Lucy would have been around 32 and Elizabeth around 30.

     For the benefit of any reader who might have missed the fundamental problem with the will, Calvin was not dead. He lived until 1966 – almost 40 years after Mary’s will was written. None of the grandchildren named in the will were children of Calvin and Nancy Paralee, so obviously they were from a prior marriage.

     The reference in the will to “my deceased son, Calvin Hawk” raises some interesting questions. Although there are other possibilities, the three scenarios that quickly come to mind are (1) Mary had not heard from Calvin for many years and assumed that he was dead. (2) She was covering for him by making it appear that he was dead. (3) She had disowned him and he was figuratively dead. Based on the available facts, it would be pure speculation to say which, if any, of the scenarios is correct.

     According to some stories passed on to Charles Hawk, Jr. (a grandson of Calvin), Calvin apparently incurred the wrath of Vasti’s family when he had her committed. One of the stories relates that Calvin fled the state and went to stay a while with relatives in either Missouri or Kansas. Frank Hawk, one of Calvin’s brothers, lived in St. Joseph, Missouri. Caroline Hawk Richards, an aunt, also lived in St. Joseph, Missouri.

      In the obituary of Louis P., Calvin’s father, no mention was made of Calvin. At first, it is tempting to say that Louis shared the same beliefs / sentiments as those reflected in Mary’s will. However, without knowing who supplied the information for the obituary it is impossible to draw any conclusions about Calvin’s omission. Mary’s obituary also made no mention of Calvin. Both obituaries are presented in the exhibits, courtesy of the Massillon Public Library.

      The odds are extremely low that the will mentioned above was for an unrelated Mary Hawk who by coincidence had children of the same names as Calvin’s mother. Among the properties listed in the will to be divided equally was “an undivided one half interest in the coal underlying 40 acres of land in the north-east Quarter of Section No. 3 in Sugar Creek Township, Stark County, Ohio”. As you may recall, this tract of land is part of the same property passed down (sold) from Philip M. Sr. to Philip Jr. to Louis P.

      Further proof was provided in a letter dated September 28, 1944, to the Probate Judge in Stark County by Frank Hawk, one of the heirs in Mary’s will. The entire letter appears in the exhibits at the end of this document. In part, it read “I am writing you in regard to the estate of my mother, Mary Hawk and father, Louis P. Hawk, both now deceased. Especially in regard to the coal rights on the Hawk farm near Brewster, Ohio, which they retained.” He goes on to inquire as to whether the 40 acres have been sold and whether he is due a distribution. At the time of the letter, Frank was living in Sheridan, Wyoming.

     In 1930, the following census report (Middlesboro, Kentucky) listed several additional children born to Calvin and Paralee since the last census report. Ada, my grandmother, had already married Norman Lynch and lived nearby.

     During the long course of their marriage, Calvin and Paralee had eight children, four sons and four daughters. Their names are listed in the table on the following page. This information was provided by Charles Hawk, Jr. At the time of this writing (May, 2008) Fred Hawk is the only surviving child and still lives in the same area.

     In addition to their own children, Calvin and Paralee also took in and raised two grandchildren, Earnest Arvil, Jr. and Samuel. According to Arvil, Calvin and Paralee “took myself and Sam in to raise us as they would one of their other children, he was my "Hero"
(still is)”.

         Calvin Hawk, died on April 20, 1966, at age 91 in Middlesboro, Kentucky. His funeral was held at the Church of God in Beans Fork and he was buried in Roselawn Cemetery in Middlesboro. According to his obituary, Calvin had 42 grandchildren and 38 great grandchildren.



Children of Calvin & Paralee


Top row left to right - Bonnie, Olive, Bill, Geneva

Bottom row left to right – Charles, Earnest, Fred, Ada














Ada Evelyn

November 19, 1908

July 16, 1998

Virginia Olive

October 5, 1910

September 27, 1992

Bonnie Rae

June 1, 1913

August 30, 1999

William Edwin

October 9, 1915

February 7, 2000


November 21, 1917

April 13, 1974

Anna Geneva

October 7, 1919

December 25, 1996

Fred Earl

July 21, 1923


Earnest Arvil

May 6, 1927

August 28, 1988












Jacob Hawk


  As you might have noticed, there were several different men named Jacob Hawk. This makes it very confusing to the reader and also complicates research.  Philip Hawk Jr. had a brother named Jacob and a son named Jacob. The focus of this section is on the brother of Philip Jr. and any reference to Jacob is to that particular one unless stated otherwise.  Since Philip Jr. was Calvin’s grandfather, Jacob was therefore Calvin’s great uncle. To add to the confusion, Jacob had a son named Philip. Although several different men named Jacob Hawk lived in Ohio during the 1800’s, the particular one that we are interested in had three important identifiers in his passport application which was presented earlier -  (1)  birth date - June 27, 1825, (2)  birth place – Bavaria, and (3) the year that he came to the United States - 1832. The odds that two different persons named Jacob Hawk would coincidentally share this same information are pretty low.

     In 1892, a book was published by Chapman Brothers containing “Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens” of Stark County, Ohio. One of the persons featured in the publication was Jacob Hawk. The facts listed in the biographical sketch leave little doubt that he is the relative of Calvin. Jacob’s section of the book is presented below:

JACOB HAWK is one of the leading German citizens of Canton, and a man of sterling worth, which is indicated by the fact that for a quarter of a century he has been an employee in the C. Aultman & Co.'s Works. He was born in Bavaria, Germany, June 27, 1825, and is a son of Michael P. and Elizabeth Hawk, both of whom were natives of Germany. In 1832, they bade good-bye to the Fatherland, and sailed for America, landing in New York City after a voyage of forty days upon a sailing-vessel. From the Eastern metropolis, they came direct to Stark County, Ohio, locating in Sugar Creek Township, where Mr. Hawk carried on general farming and stock-raising until his death, which occurred in 1855. His wife survived him seven years, when she too passed away. They were the parents of four sons, but our subject is the only survivor and the youngest of the family.

Jacob Hawk was a lad of seven summers when he came with his parents to Ohio. He attended school two years in his native land, and after coming to Stark County, conned his lessons in a log schoolhouse, such as were common on the frontier. His training at farm work was not as limited as his educational privileges, and he remained at home assisting in the cultivation of his father's land until he had attained his majority. As a companion and helpmate on life's journey, he chose Miss Maria Lebold, of Tuscarawas County, Ohio, their union being celebrated in 1846. The lady is a native of Germany and a daughter of Conrad Lebold.

The young couple began their domestic life in Sandy Township, Tuscarawas County, where Mr. Hawk, with characteristic energy, carried on general farming until 1861. He came that year to Canton and entered the C. Aultman & Co.'s Works, with which he has been connected up to the present time. He possesses much mechanical genius, and can adapt himself to the work performed in almost every department. He has made many inventions for the improvement of the different kinds of machinery used in the works, and has secured some twelve patents.

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Hawk have been born a son and daughter, Philip and Elizabeth. Our subject is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and his family are Evangelical Lutherans. They reside at No. 142 South Cleveland Avenue, and their pleasant home is the abode of hospitality. In addition to his home, Mr. Hawk owns considerable farming land in the State of Kansas. As his financial resources have increased, he has made Judicious investments, and now owns some valuable real estate. In politics, he is conservative, and generally votes with the Republican party, by which he was elected Alderman. He was a member of the City Council at the time of the construction of the Canton Water Works. Mr. Hawk is a man of more than average ability, and is an intelligent and well-informed man, popular among his business associates and in social circles.

     Note that Jacob’s parents were listed as Michael P. and Elizabeth Hawk. Deeds and other early documents showed his father’s name to be Philip M. Transposition of names was common during that time, probably to reduce confusion with other family members of the same name. Although I strongly suspected that the “M’ was for Michael, this document clearly proves it.

     Of interest is the statement that “from the Eastern metropolis, they came direct to Stark County, Ohio”. That sounds like they had a definite plan in mind rather than just exploring for a suitable place to settle. As mentioned earlier, there were other German families already living in Stark County in the early 1800’s including some Hawks. More than likely, it was more than just coincidence that Jacob’s parents settled in Stark County.

     The biographical sketch stated that Maria was the daughter of Conrad Lebold. On December 28, 1893, the Ohio Democrat newspaper ran a lengthy article on the Lebold family and their history. John Lebold was Maria’s brother. I struggled somewhat with a suitable way to display the article in a format that is easy to read and yet retains as much of its original character as possible. After some experimentation, I used some optical character recognition (OCR) software to translate a scan of the columns into text and pasted it into this document. This assured an accurate transcription and saved the effort of retyping the information. The article is presented in its entirety below:







And Also of the Original Lebold

Family and Their Descendants


The subject of this sketch was born on the 28th day of October, 1816, in Groezingen, in the kingdom of Wurtemberg, Germany. He was the seventh child in a family of nine. He came with his parents, Conrad and Hedwig Lebold, and family, to this country, when a lad of 14 years. The family first located in Zoar, O., in the fall of 1830. The trip from Germany to Zoar took six months.

Conrad Lebold, the father, was a cooper by trade, at which he worked during his stay in Zoar, about eighteen months; after which he bought the land then known as the Moser farm, and moved upon it, where he followed farming, and worked more or less at his trade, for a number of years, be­fore retiring from active labor. He died in 1860, in his 84th year, from a stroke of paralysis.

Hedwig Lebold, the mother, died in 1850, in her 74th year.

According to an old German custom, the elder boys were also coopers. George, the eldest son, lived in Sandyville a few years, after which he went to Alton, Ill., where he followed his trade for some time.

The second son, John Conrad, lived in Zoar for seven years, following the cooper trade, after which he removed to Seneca County, O., and entered some land, upon which he followed farming during the remain­der of his active life. He died in 1889, at the age of 85 years.

Hedwig Lebold, the third child and eldest daughter, married Jacob Shutz, in Massillon, O. After several years they removed to Illinois, where she subsequently married Mr. Hammel. She returned to Bolivar, in this county, about the year 1852, and resided there during the remainder of her life. She died in 1891, in her 85th year.

Christiana Lebold married Mr. Martin Smeltz, and removed to Seneca county, O., about the year 1835. She died there about the year 1858.

Jacob Lebold, the third son and fifth child, also removed to Seneca county, O., about the same time, with his sister Christiana. He also was a suc­cessful farmer, and is still living in Attica, O.

Barbara Lebold married Jacob Smeltz, about 1840. She also removed to Sen­eca county, O., and subsequently re­moved to Williams County, O., where she was still living at last account of her.

We now return to the principal sub­ject of this sketch, who worked for his father until he was 25 years old, when he married Catharine Mayrer, also a native of Groezingen, in the kingdom of Wurtemberg, Germany. She came with her parents to this country in 1841.


Together they began life for them­selves in 1842, with a very moderate amount of this world's goods. They received a part of the old homestead, being 110 acres, for which they paid the rest of the heirs $1,350., and gave one-third of the gross proceeds of said 110 acres to his father during his natur­al lifetime, which was eighteen years more.

The young couple being possessed of an unusual amount of energy and push, associated with good judgment, combined with economy, they began accumulating from the start; so that tract after tract was added to the home­stead, until the 110 acres farm was en­larged to a 600 acres farm, which en­abled them to enlarge their possessions more rapidly, until they finally owned lands in various parts of Tuscarawas county, and also in the State of Missouri. They owned as high at 3,000 acres of land at one time.

They raised a family of nine children —five boys and foot girls. Being of a kind and generous disposition, as soon as their children became married they gave each a good start in life, either in the shape of a farm or in cash.

Thus, from a moderate start, in 1842, with indomitable pluck and energy, and good judgment united with ex­cellent management, they amassed a fortune of upwards of $150,000., not­withstanding the decline in the value of laud, besides giving each of their children a very generous start in life.

Mr. and Mrs. Lebold could have cel­ebrated their golden wedding, had she lived one year longer.

No husband ever buried a nobler wife, no children a kinder mother, no neighbor a better neighbor, and no hungry or needy person ever parted with a more generous giver. No person was ever turned from her door hungry or unfed. No stranger was ever turned into the dark without shelter. She was always ready to help the needy. In fact, to meet her was to respect her; to know her was to love and adore her; to be associated with her was to revere her for her kindness and goodness of heart.

John Lebold survived his noble wife two years, eight months and nineteen days. Yet ever after her death he seemed as though socially lost; and in January and February, 1892, during a severe spell of the grip and pneumo­nia, he frequently manifested a desire to join and be with her who so fre­quently whispered good counsel in his ear.

All through life Mr. Lebold acted upon his own judgment; in all im­portant business transactions always suffering a wrong rather than going into litigation. The best evidence of this is the fact that he never had more than two or three lawsuits of any im­portance in his whole life, and these were all on the defensive. He always did his own arbitrating.

In all his purchases of land, it can­not be said that he ever made a mis­take; and while he was a man of an iron constitution and an industrious worker, he never asked any one to do more than he would freely do himself. He was liberal in his dealings, and the men who dealt most with him were always the ones who were most anx­ious to deal with or work for him. This was particularly noticeable among his tenants, who, as a rule, always staid with him until they bought their own homes.

He was a member of the I. O. O. F., as well as a Free Mason. He never sought public notoriety, yet during his life he was called upon at various times to fill positions of trust and honor, in which he always discharged his duty with fidelity and to the satis­faction of all concerned. In his latter days he acted as his own executor in dividing his large estate among his children, to their full satisfaction. He was a strong believer in equality to all and partiality to none.

Mr. and Mrs. Lebold were both mem­bers of the German Lutheran church, both having joined by confirmation in early life. They remained true and active members through life, and in their death the church loses two de­vout and active members.

They left eight children living—five boys and three girls; also thirty-eight grand-children and nine great-grand­children. To them all these children looked up with pride and satisfaction. Fully realizing that they had a few faults, as well as their many virtues, they willingly forget their faults and cherish their virtues.

Frederick Lebold, the eighth child of the original family, married Maria Zutavern. He also received 102 acres of the old homestead, on which he paid proportionally to the rest of the heirs. He resided upon this part of the old homestead during his natural lifetime, being a successful farmer and a kind neighbor. He died in 1879, in his 60th year.

Maria Lebold, the youngest daughter and child, married Jacob Hawk, (senior), who followed farming for a number of years, but, being a natural machinist, he became associ­ated with the firm of C. Aultman & Co., of Canton, O., where they still live. To Mr. Hawk's tact and inge­nuity as a machinery-man, a great deal of the success of C. Aultman & Co. is due.

The only surviving members of this pioneer family are Barbara Smeltz, of Williams County, Jacob Lebold, of Attica, and Maria Hawk, of Canton, O. Nearly all of the family lived to a good old age. [END OF ARTICLE]


      Of interest in the next to last paragraph of the article is the reference to Jacob Hawk (senior). No documents were ever found which indicated that he had a son of the same name. The evidence is pretty clear that he only had one son and that his name was Philip. There are two explanations that I can offer. The first is that his son was named Jacob Philip and went by Philip. The second is that the designation of senior in the article was to distinguish him from his nephew. Although in today’s conventions the terms senior and junior are reserved for a father-son relationship, that was not the case in earlier times. 

     The 1850 census report of Sandy Township (Tuscarawas County, Ohio) listed Jacob and his family. His wife was listed as Ann M. and other documents show that her full name was Anna Maria. They had a two year old son named Philip.

      Note from the census excerpt above that Jacob and Ann (Anna Maria) listed their place of birth as Europe rather than specifically as Bavaria or Germany. Two men named Andrew Dimber and Isaiah Weaver also lived in their household. Their relationship to the Hawks, if any, is not known.

     In Lawrence Township of the same county (Tuscarawas) the 1850 census listed a 73 year old man named Conrad Lebold who lived alone. According to the census, he was born in Germany and his occupation was listed as a cooper. A cooper is one who makes or repairs wooden barrels or casks. Conrad’s next door neighbor was John Lebold, age 33, who was also born in Germany. As confirmed by the newspaper article, Conrad was Anna Maria’s father and John was her brother.

     The 1860 census was more specific about the birthplace of Jacob and Anna Maria.

As noted from the census excerpt above, Jacob was born in Bavaria and his wife was born in Wurtemburg, both in Germany. Jacob’s occupation was listed as being a farmer.

     As stated in the biographical sketch, Jacob and his family had relocated to Stark County by 1870. The census of that year (above) showed that he and his family lived in the “Second Ward, Canton City” in Stark County. His wife was listed as Maria, rather than as Ann M. as in the prior census reports. A second child, a daughter named Elizabeth, had been born. Her age was listed as eight so apparently she was born around 1862. Interestingly, this census listed both Jacob and his wife as having been born in Pennsylvania. It could be just a mistake on the part of the census taker, but there were periods in the history of Ohio where the local folks were suspicious of the proliferating numbers of Germans, especially as they accumulated more and more land and wealth. It is entirely possible that Jacob tried to disguise or downplay his German heritage.

     Jacob’s occupation was hard to read, but the first part is definitely “works in reaper” and the last word is probably an abbreviation for factory. This made more sense after reading his biographical sketch which stated that he was an employee of the C. Aultman & Co.’s Works. That company made and sold farm equipment, most notably reapers.

     At the time of the 1880 census (above), Jacob and family still lived in the city of Canton. His wife was incorrectly listed as Ella M. but that would be an easy mistake to make since Anna and Ella sound somewhat alike. There is no question that it is the same family who appeared in the 1870 census because in both census reports they had a woman named Rosa or Rosanna Kirkpatrick living with them. In 1870, she was listed as a seamstress and in 1880 she was a servant. Jacob’s occupation was “reaper salesman”. The birthplaces of Jacob and Anna Maria were correctly listed as Bavaria and Wurtemburg respectively in the 1880 census.

     I was not able to pinpoint the exact date that Jacob died. From the biographical sketch that was published in 1892, I assumed that he was still living at that time since the article never mentioned his death. I found a deed that might provide some insight into the timing of Jacob’s death, assuming that the Jacob referenced in the deed is the one of interest. From the facts, it appears that he probably was. In part, the deed stated:

Know all men by these presents: That whereas John H. Smith as Administrator of Jacob Hawk, deceased, on the 27th day of July, 1895, filed his petition in the Probate Court within and for the county of Stark, and state of Ohio, praying said court for an order to sell the following Real Estate of said Jacob Hawk, deceased. Situated in the city of Canton, County of Stark, and State of Ohio, and known as Lot number three hundred and ninety-one (391) in the city of Canton, Stark County, Ohio. …

The property was sold to Corwin Bachtel for the sum of $ 2,467. Since there is usually some lapse in time between a person’s death and the administration of his estate, it seems likely that Jacob died shortly before or at approximately the same time as his wife, Anna Maria.

     Anna Maria died on May 25, 1895. She left a will and in a codicil to the will she named her daughter Anna Elizabeth as executrix for her estate. The will is included in the exhibits and since it was fairly short, I also transcribed it:


                                                 Last Will and Testament

                                                 Anna Maria Hawk


In the name of the Benevolent Father of All, I Anna Maria Hawk of the city of Canton, Ohio do make and publish this my last will and testament.


Item first, I will that all of my debts including my funeral expenses be paid out of my estate.


Item second, After the payment of the above debts and charges, I give and devise to my beloved daughter, Anna Elizabeth Hawk, the entire two-thirds and to Rosanah Kirkpatrick the entire one-third of my entire estate both real and personal where situate.


Item third, In the event said Rosanah Kirkpatrick shall die before my decease, then it is my will that the said one-third of estate so willed to her go to my said daughter Anna Elizabeth Hawk.


Item fourth, In the event my said daughter Anna Elizabeth Hawk shall die before my death, then it is my will that if my said daughter shall not leave issue surviving her the share she would have taken shall go the children of my son Philip Hawk then living share and share alike, but if my said daughter shall die leaving issue then her said share shall go to her said children share and share alike.


Item fifth, In the event said Rosanah Kirkpatrick and my said daughter, Anna Elizabeth Hawk shall both die before my death and my daughter shall not leave issue surviving her then it is my will that my entire estate so willed to them, shall go to the children of my said son Philip Hawk living at the time of my death, share and share alike.


Item sixth, I hereby revoke all former wills by me made.


In testimony whereof I hereto set my hand this 23rd day of February, 1895.

                                                                                 Anna Maria Hawk (her mark)


     Since no mention was made of her husband Jacob, there are several possibilities. The most obvious is that Jacob was already dead. It is also possible that they were divorced or separated.  In her will dated February 23, 1895, (the one above) the last item stated that “I hereby revoke all former wills by me made” which obviously meant that she had made prior wills. My hunch is that Jacob’s death prompted the new will.

     After reading the will, I first thought that her son Philip was dead but that was not the case. His name was listed on the “Application To Probate Will” form. The fact that Maria did not leave anything to Philip is somewhat of a mystery. Apparently, he had either received his share at an earlier point or had fallen out of favor with Maria.

     The lady named Rosanah Kirkpatrick in the will was the person listed in the 1870 and 1880 census reports who lived with Jacob and his family. In 1870, she was listed as a seamstress and in 1880 as a servant. Whether she was related by blood or marriage is unknown. However, Maria must have regarded her highly since she willed one third of her estate to her.

     Maria’s estate consisted of personal goods valued at $ 267.15 and money in the amount of $ 4960.69 for a grand total of $ 5227.84. The reconciliation statement for the disbursement of the estate is somewhat ambiguous because the first line shows “received from insurance - $ 6377.00 and balances back to that amount. Either the amount listed as insurance included the other assets or the policy somehow guaranteed a minimum value for the estate.

The Fullmer Family


     Calvin’s mother’s maiden name was Mary Ann Fullmer. Various documents differ about whether Fullmer is spelled with one L or two. Most census reports favored the Fulmer spelling. Earlier, I noted that Mary’s parents were Peter Fulmer of Bavaria and Sarah of France.

     I was able to locate a family tree researched by descendants of the Fulmer family that was somewhat helpful. In general, I am somewhat skeptical of many of the family trees that I see on the internet, but in this case their findings generally agreed with mine. A considerable amount of their data was based on a history of the Fulmer family in a book at the Stark County library. The book lacked source information so no one really knows where the material originated.

     The 1850 census (above) listed a number of Fulmer families living in the Lake
Township area of Stark County. Most notably, there was a Christian Fulmer who lived next to Peter Fulmer. As noted from the census excerpt, Christian was born in Germany. Since his age was listed as 50, he was born around 1800. One of the family trees listed that he was born in Hamburg, Germany on July 6, 1796. Based on his age and the fact that he lived next door, it strongly appears that Christian was Peter’s father. The family tree stated that also.

     The other person listed in his household was a 73 year old woman named Apolonia. Although the authors of the family tree believe that Apolonia was Christian’s wife, I am not totally convinced. Although possible, the 23 year age difference between Christian and Apolonia causes me to question their relationship.

     Noticeably missing from the 1850 census was Mary Ann. Apparently, the census taker misunderstood her name and listed her as Marion rather than Mary Ann. She was 6 years old in 1850, the same age listed for Marion. It is a little puzzling, but there was another apparent mistake for the child named Christine. The fact that errors were made in the census is not typically noteworthy but in this case the same mistake was made ten years later. As you will see a little later, this child was listed as Christiana in the 1860 census. Later evidence, including an 1880 deed indicated a son named Christian rather than a daughter named Christine or Christiana.

     In addition to the families of Christian and Peter Fulmer, there were several other Fulmer families who lived nearby in 1850. One of the families was headed by Jacob Fulmer.

Worthy of noting is that Jacob had a son named Christian. It is very possible that Jacob was a younger brother of Christian, the father of Peter. If not his brother, the odds are very high that they were related somehow.

     There was also a family headed by Daniel Fulmer who lived nearby.
 (See above) Again, it is speculation but it would seem that Daniel was related to Christian and Jacob. Judging from the ages and birthplaces of the children of Peter, Jacob, and Daniel it appeared that the three families came to the United States in the early to mid 1840’s.

     The 1860 census of Lake Township in Stark County (above) listed Peter, Sarah and their family. Peter listed his birthplace as Bavaria and Sarah listed France as her birthplace.

     In 1870, the Peter Fulmer family appeared in Plains Township in the Stark County census (above)
 Four additional children, Allen, Alfred, Aaron, and Sarah A. had been born since the previous census. Several children including Mary Ann had married and moved out of the household.

     Peter did not appear in the census reports after 1870.   I found some information in a family tree which listed his death as having occurred on August 20, 1873. That same source indicated that he was buried in the St. Jacobs Evangelical Cemetery. I believe that information to be credible because I had already located several deeds by which several members of his family had purchased lots at that cemetery.

     In 1880, the census report (above) listed Sarah and several of her younger children still living in the Plains Township area of Stark County. No husband was listed on that report.


     On December 20, 1880, Sarah Fulmer and some other family members sold some property. The names listed in the deed not only verified that Mary Fulmer Hawk was the child of Peter and Sarah, but also established the married name of  Mary’s sister, Rachael and provided the names of the wives of Christian, Franklin, Henry, and Edward. In part, the deed read:


          Know all Men by these Presents; That we Sarah Fullmer (widow of Peter Fullmer, deceased) Christian Fullmer and Lucinda Fullmer, husband and wife, Franklin Fullmer and Lena Fullmer, husband and wife, Henry Fullmer and Elizabeth Fullmer, husband and wife, Edward Fullmer and Mary E. Fullmer, husband and wife, Lewis P. Hawk and Mary Hawk, husband and wife, Samuel Neff and Rachael Neff, husband and wife, Allen Fullmer, Aaron Fullmer, Alfred Fullmer, and Sarah A. Fullmer, the grantors….


      As you may be aware, almost all of the census reports for 1890 were destroyed in a fire. Sarah next appeared in the 1900 census for Canton Township (above). She was living in the household of Sarah Shatzer who was also a widow. According to the census, Sarah Fulmer was the mother of Sarah Shatzer. The 1900 census had more detailed information than previous census reports and listed Sarah Fulmer as having been born in November of 1824 in France.

     In 1910, Sarah still lived with her daughter in Canton Township. On the census report for that year (above), Sarah indicated that she immigrated to the United States in 1838. According to the information on the census, Sarah Fulmer gave birth to eleven children and seven were still living. Her daughter, Sarah Shatzer had three children, all still living.This was the last census that Sarah Fulmer appeared in. She is reported to have died on February 3, 1911, and was buried in the same cemetery as her husband Peter.

The Householder Family


     Mary Ann Fulmer Hawk’s mother was named Sarah. It is believed that Sarah’s maiden name was Householder before her marriage to Peter Fulmer. Other variants of that name are Housholder and the German version Haushalter.

    In the1850 census report for Peter Fulmer and his family (above) you might have noticed that a 67 year old woman named Theresa Householder also lived with them
. (An excerpt appears above). The probability is high that she was Sarah’s mother. According to the census, Theresa was born in Germany. The various census reports were sometimes conflicting about where Sarah was born. Some listed France and others listed Germany. A later report listed her birthplace as being in Elsass which could explain some of the differences. Elsass is the German name for this location and Alsace is the French name. It was a region and former province of eastern France between the Rhine River and the Vosges Mountains. Along with neighboring Lorraine, it was annexed by Germany in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian War and returned to France in 1919 by the Treaty of Versailles. During World War II it was under German control but was returned to France in 1945.

     The 1850 census did not have any other information on the Householders that I could substantiate, other than the presence of Theresa Householder in the household of Peter and Sarah Fulmer. However, the 1860 census of Lake Township in Stark County listed two other families of Householders.

     Fred Householder was the first. As indicated on the census excerpt above, he was born in France. Census data indicated that Sarah was also born in France. Fred’s occupation was listed as “brewer”. It could very well be that his genes were passed down to other generations!

     The other family was headed by Lewis Householder. He was also born in France.
 The age difference, proximity of homes, and same birth place makes a good circumstantial case that Fred, Louis, and Sarah were all related, possibly brothers and sister.

     I was unable to locate any Householder families living in Stark County (other than Sarah) after 1860. There were, however, many Householders living elsewhere in Ohio and neighboring states.


The Tarwater Family


     Nancy Paralee Tarwater was the second wife of Calvin Hawk.  She was always referred to as “Mama Hawk” by our family. Some early census reports listed her first name as “Nannie”. Later in life she apparently preferred her middle name.

     Paralee was the child of William Dowell Tarwater and Rebecca Jane Jenkins Tarwater. She was born in Sevierville, Tennessee on July 31, 1886, according to her obituary.

     The Tarwater family has many roots in Knox County and Sevier County, Tennessee and much research and documentation has been done by other descendants. I have researched from 1850 forward myself and I feel pretty confident of those results. Prior to that period, other researchers have compiled accounts of what they purport to be the Tarwater history. I present some of their accounts prior to 1850 with the caveat that they may be totally right, totally wrong, or somewhere in the middle.

     One such family history was written by Mr. Charles B. Tarwater. His book, A Brief History of The Tarwater Family, was written in 1957. According to him, the original family name was Thurwachter which in German meant “watcher of the tower”. Other variants of the name included Teerwasser, Thorwarht, Tauvater and Tawwater.

      The earliest ancestor that Charles documented was Jacob Tarwater who was born in Germany or Holland around 1720 according to his account. Although other earlier Thurwachter names were listed in various documents, Charles was not able to prove a connection between them and the present Tarwaters. According to Charles, Jacob sailed from Rotterdam, Holland on the ship “Polly” and landed in Philadelphia in August of 1765.  He settled in Bedford County, Pennsylvania initially and later moved to Knox County, Tennessee with his wife, Modelena Wolford. According to the records of the Daughters of The American Revolution (DAR), Jacob served in the Revolutionary War as a private in Pennsylvania. Their records indicate that he was born around 1755 and that he died in Tennessee on November 1, 1796. 

     Jacob and Modelena had at least four children. One of their sons, William, was born February 14, 1790, near Neubert Springs in Knox County, Tennessee. William married Judah Childress in Knox County, Tennessee on July 23, 1812, according to Tennessee marriage records. A copy of their marriage bond appears in the exhibits.

     William and Judah had nine children according to Charles Tarwater, including their son Matthew who was born on March 8, 1822, at Neubert Springs, Knox County, Tennessee. Matthew married Sarah “Sally” Rule on November 23, 1847 in Knox County, Tennessee. A copy of their marriage record appears in the exhibits. Sarah was the daughter of Michael Rule and Elizabeth Dill and she was born on February 29, 1828, according to some other sources.

      In 1850, the census for Knox County, Tennessee (above) listed Matthew, his wife Sarah and their first two children, Harriet M. and Michael. Matthew’s occupation was listed as “miller”.

     By 1860, five additional children had been born to Mathew and Sarah. Their names were James, Sarah, William, Jacob, and Henry. Mathew and his family were living in Sevier County, Tennessee when the 1860 census was taken.

      According to information in the 1870 census, two more children were born after the 1860 census was taken. Their names were Mathew and Adam. The 1870 census report listed William, age 15, more specifically as William D. Later documents indicated his middle name to be Dowell. He was born in Knox County Tennessee on May 1, 1855.

     William Dowell married Rebecca Jane Jenkins on December 25, 1873 in Sevier County, Tennessee. They are shown on the 1880 census (Sevier Co., Tennessee) excerpt at the right with four of their children.

      All total, William Dowell Tarwater and Rebecca Jane Jenkins Tarwater had around 16 children. One of their daughters was Nancy Paralee, who married Calvin Hawk.

      Nancy P. (Paralee) appeared in the 1900 census. An excerpt of that report is shown above. Her birth year is reported to be 1887 in some sources (including Social Security) but some census reports indicate it to be 1888. The Kentucky death index shows that she died on September 25, 1974 at age 88. If correct, that would mean that she was born in 1886. Her obituary stated that she was born on July 31, 1886.

     The excerpt above from the 1910 census (taken May 12) for Middlesborough (Bell County), Kentucky listed “Nannie” with husband Calvin Hawk and daughter Ada who was one year old. The number 3 at the end of the lines with Calvin’s and Nannie’s names indicated the number of years that they had been married.

     My mother remembers going to visit with Paralee’s family in Sevier County, Tennessee. She described the house as a large farm house that had a large dining table with benches on both sides of the table. This is certainly understandable for such a large family. Mother remembers many of Paralee’s brothers and sisters and she especially recalled Minnie, Ella, Ina and Levi. Minnie married a Pickens (Sam) and Ella and Ina both married a Householder (Andrew and Will respectively). According to Mother, Paralee went every year to put flowers on the family graves in Sevier County.

     I found it interesting that two of Paralee’s sisters married Householders. Since Calvin’s grandmother was Sarah Householder Fullmer, I cannot help but at least wonder if there was some family connection there. 

     Calvin and Paralee lived the remainder of their lives in Middlesboro, Kentucky. Paralee died on September 25, 1974 at age 88.


The Mystery Hawks


     Many German families settled in Ohio in the 1800’s. Some came straight from Germany as it appears the case was with Philip M. Hawk Sr. and his family. Others were second generation German families who were born in Pennsylvania and migrated to Ohio. Although there were many Hawks in Ohio in 1850, there were a very limited number who lived in Stark County. In addition to the family of Philip M. Sr. and his known descendants, there were a number of Hawk families who were too old to be descendants. I have dubbed them the “Mystery Hawks” because I cannot explain their relationship, if any, to the family of Philip M. Hawk.

     There were some Hawk families living in Stark County before the arrival of Philip M. and his family. In addition, there were some Hawk families who lived nearby after 1832 who were not descendants of Philip M. Many of their first names were so common (John, Peter, etc.) that it is virtually impossible to trace their origin with any certainty. Whether or not they were related is also difficult or impossible to determine. However, my hunch is that some of them were indeed related.

     One of the earliest deeds that I located in Stark County was the mortgage of some property by Robert Hawk to John Baum on June 9, 1829. Bear in mind this was three years prior to the arrival of Philip M. Hawk Sr. to the United States. The property was described as the South East Quarter of Section 15, Township 17, Range 7 in the Steubenville District.

     There was also a deed dated September 4, 1832 in which Robert Hawk Jr. purchased some land from Jonas Hoover and his wife July Ann. Since the property was described as an interest in the South East Quarter of Section 10, Township 17, Range 7, it was close to the property mentioned in the 1829 deed. The deed also stated that the interest was “the one seventh part of said quarter section which was held by right of the said July Ann being one of the heirs at law of the estate of Philip Shoutts late of Stark County”.

     In September of 1832, John Hawk ran an ad in the Canton Repository newspaper offering a reward for a missing cow. Canton, Ohio is the county seat for Stark County. Note the name “New Berlin” on the newspaper excerpt. This area was obviously named for the large concentration of Germans who settled there.  During World War I, the name of New Berlin was considered to be politically incorrect and was changed to North Canton. Whether John ever located his cow was well beyond the scope of my investigation.

     There was a William Hawk who seemed to have a popular establishment in Canton. As indicated by the excerpt from the Canton Repository (June 14, 1837), William ran a tavern. While reading through many editions of that newspaper, I noticed that directions to many businesses advertised in the paper were described in terms of where they were in relation to William Hawk’s tavern. There were also some later articles which mentioned the William Hawk Hotel. I was not able to determine whether the hotel was affiliated with the tavern.

      On March 14, 1844, a short article ran in the Canton Repository (above) stating that a fire had destroyed the barn of William and Robert Hawk. I considered the possibility that they could be the children of Peter or Philip Jr. but that does not seem likely unless William and Robert were pretty young at the time of the fire.

     The 1850 census of Bethlehem Township in Stark County (above) listed a family headed by Isaac Hawk. According to the census, Isaac was born in Pennsylvania around 1815 and was a merchant. Numerous newspaper articles mentioned him, so apparently he was a very successful business man. Although I suspected
that he was somehow related to Calvin’s ancestors, I was never able to prove it. Note from the excerpt of the 1870 census above that Isaac had a son named Calvin and a daughter named Ada. It might just be coincidence, but it is also possible that Louis P. named his son Calvin after this Calvin.


The Voyage to America


     In the biographical sketch of Jacob Hawk which was presented earlier, it stated that Jacob and his family left the Fatherland in 1832, sailed for 40 days, and landed in New York. Other documents had already established that Jacob was born in June of 1825. With this information, I attempted to trace the route of the Hawk family to America.

     The dream of any genealogical researcher would be to find a ship manifest containing the names of all the family members spelled correctly and showing the correct age for each person. However, this seldom is the case and consequently, a researcher must try to take the facts at hand, match as many facts as possible, and make a judgment call as to whether the correct family has been located.

     With this in mind, after considerable research I have developed a theory about the Hawk’s (Philip M. Sr. and family) journey from Bavaria to the United States. Although I believe that my theory is correct, I must stress that it is based on the preponderance of evidence rather than beyond a reasonable doubt. Simply stated, the probability is high that I am right but there is also a small possibility that I might be wrong.

     After reviewing the passenger lists for passengers arriving in New York in 1832, I believe that the Hawks left the French port of Le Havre in early June of 1832 and landed in New York on July 12, 1832. The ship was a three-masted square rigger named the Sully which measured 120 feet in length and displaced approximately 450 tons.

     The ship’s manifest listed 181 passengers
and notations indicated that seven passengers died during the voyage. Because of the age and condition of the passenger list, many names are difficult to read. From the deeds and other documents presented earlier, we know that the Hawk family consisted of Philip M. Sr., his wife Mary Elizabeth, and four sons named Peter, Philip Jr., Christian, and Jacob. The biographical sketch of Jacob confirmed that Jacob was the youngest of four sons.

     On the passenger list for this particular voyage, I found the names of Peter Haag, Philippe Haag, Christian Haag, and Jacob Haag. (See above.) The name “Hawk” when pronounced by a native German sounds a little different than from a southern country boy like me so it is not unusual to see variant spellings such as Hauk, Houck, Hauck, Haak, or Haag. As you may recall, the naturalization petition for Philip M. Hawk Sr. listed his name as Haak. 

   The first name of the person at the top of the passenger list excerpt is not clearly legible but the first three letters are “Eli”. Although the passenger is listed as a male, I believe that person to be Elizabeth. The name listed is most likely an abbreviation for Elizabeth.

     Jacob was born in June of 1825 according to several sources, which means that he would have been seven years old at the time of the arrival. This matches the age listed in the passenger list. According to census data, Philip Jr. was born in 1812 and consequently would have been 20. That is the age shown in the list. Although we do not know the ages of Peter and Christian, we know that they were both older than Jacob. That fact fits as well. Elizabeth, according to census data, was born in 1784 and would have been around 48. The passenger list for the person that I believe to be Elizabeth was shown to be age 47. Depending on her exact birth date, a one year difference is easily understood.

     Why Philip Sr. does not appear on the passenger list is somewhat of a mystery. The most feasible explanation is that he was mistakenly left off due to a clerical error.

     In summary, the facts supporting my theory are: (1) The Sully sailed from Le Havre, which was a likely port for someone leaving Bavaria. (2) It arrived in New York which is the location indicated in the biographical sketch of Jacob Hawk. (3) It arrived in the summer of 1832. Several documents, including the obituary of Louis P. Hawk stated that the Hawk family came to this country in 1832. The sketch on Jacob stated that he was “a lad of seven summers” when his family arrived. To me, the implication is that it was summer when they arrived. The Sully landed on July 12, 1832. (4) The first names of all four sons were listed correctly. (5) The ages of Jacob and Philip (Jr.) were correct. Since I do not know when Peter and Christian were born, there is no way to confirm their ages in the passenger list. However, Jacob was the youngest son and the passenger list bears that out.

     As a bit of trivia, when the ship Sully returned to New York in late fall or early winter of 1832, a passenger named Samuel Morse was aboard. During that voyage, Morse talked to some other passengers about electromagnets and was inspired to help pioneer the telegraph and the code used for it. (Morse Code, of course!). There was considerable bickering over who deserved the credit for the telegraph and code but regardless, Samuel Morse got his place in the history books.

A Summary of Calvin Hawk’s Ancestry


     Throughout this book, I have strived to present as much detail as possible about the history of the Hawk family. I believe that doing so adds credibility and also gives other researchers the means to verify my findings and to perform additional research. However, realizing that a lot of facts and details sometimes confuses folks and hampers their ability to see the big picture, I decided to present a summary history here that is supported by the facts already presented. The summary should also facilitate passing the basic family history to others.

     Philip Michael Hawk Sr. was born in Bavaria, Germany in 1774. His wife Mary Elizabeth was born in Germany in 1784. They had four sons; Peter, Philip Jr., Christian, and Jacob who were all born in Germany. Jacob was born on June 27, 1825. Philip Jr. was born in 1812. Peter is believed to have been born in 1806 and Christian in 1821. Christian was insane and likely died in the 1840’s.

     In June of 1832, the Hawk family left Germany bound for the United States. Most likely, they departed from Le Havre, France on the sailing ship Sully. After a voyage of forty days, they arrived in New York on July 12, 1832 and proceeded to Stark County, Ohio and settled in Sugar Creek Township.

     Philip Jr. married Catherine Suplhen and they had several children including Louis Philip who was born on December 18, 1841 in Sugar Creek Township in Stark County, Ohio.

     Louis married Mary Ann Fulmer in December of 1863. Mary was the daughter of Peter Fulmer and Sarah Householder Fulmer. Peter was born in Germany and Sarah was born in France.

     Among the many children of Louis and Mary, a son named Calvin was born on January 5, 1875.

     Calvin first married Vasti L. Budd in March of 1895. Vasti was the daughter of John Budd. Three daughters; Lucy, Elizabeth “Lizzie, and Mary D. were born of Calvin and Vasti’s marriage. In May of 1906, Vasti was committed to the Massillon State Hospital for the insane.

     In December of 1907, Calvin married Nancy Paralee Tarwater. She was the daughter of Rebecca Jane Jenkins and William Dowell Tarwater. Calvin and Paralee had eight children, four sons and four daughters.

     Louis Philip, Calvin’s father, died on January 1, 1928. Mary Ann Fulmer Hawk, Calvin’s mother, died the following year on August 10, 1929.

     Calvin died on April 20, 1966, at age 91 in Middlesboro, Kentucky. Paralee died on September 25, 1974 at age 88.